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Art. 7. Protected creations of the spirit, expressed by any means or fixed on any medium, tangible or intangible, known or invented in the future, are protected intellectual works, such as:

I - the texts of literary, artistic or scientific works;

II - conferences, speeches, sermons and other works of the same nature;

III - dramatic and dramatic-musical works;

IV - choreographic and pantomimic works, whose scenic performance is fixed in writing or in any other way;

V - musical compositions, whether or not they have lyrics;

VI - audiovisual works, with or without sound, including cinematographic works;

VII - photographic works and those produced by any process analogous to that of photography;

VIII - the works of drawing, painting, engraving, sculpture, lithography and kinetic art;

IX - illustrations, geographical maps and other works of the same nature;

X - projects, sketches and plastic works concerning geography, engineering, topography, architecture, landscaping, scenography and science;

XI - adaptations, translations and other transformations of original works, presented as new intellectual creation;

XII - computer programs;

XIII - collections or compilations, anthologies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, databases and other works, which, due to their selection, organization or disposition of their content, constitute an intellectual creation.

§ 1 Computer programs are subject to specific legislation, subject to the provisions of this Law that apply to them.

§ 2 The protection granted in item XIII does not cover the data or materials themselves and is understood without prejudice to any copyrights that remain in respect of the data or materials contained in the works.

§ 3 In the field of sciences, protection will fall on the literary or artistic form, not covering its scientific or technical content, without prejudice to the rights that protect the other fields of immaterial property.

Art. 8 The following are not protected by copyright as dealt with in this Law:

I - ideas, normative procedures, systems, methods, projects or mathematical concepts as such;

II - the schemes, plans or rules for carrying out mental acts, games or business;

III - the blank forms to be filled in by any type of information, scientific or not, and their instructions;

IV - the texts of treaties or conventions, laws, decrees, regulations, judicial decisions and other official acts;

V - information in common use such as calendars, agendas, entries or captions;

VI - isolated names and titles;

VII - the industrial or commercial use of the ideas contained in the works.

Art. 9 The copy of plastic artwork made by the author himself is guaranteed the same protection as the original.

Art. 10 The protection of intellectual work covers its title, if original and unmistakable with that of work of the same genre, previously disclosed by another author.

Single paragraph. The title of periodical publications, including newspapers, is protected up to one year after the last issue is released, unless they are annual, in which case this period will increase to two years.

Chapter II

Authored by Intellectual Works

Art. 11th Author is the individual who creates literary, artistic or scientific work.

Single paragraph. The protection granted to the author may apply to legal entities in the cases provided for in this Law.

Art. 12 To identify himself as an author, the creator of the literary, artistic or scientific work can use his civil name, complete or abbreviated even by his initials, pseudonym or any other conventional sign.

Art. 13th The author of the intellectual work is considered, without proof to the contrary, the one who, by one of the identification methods referred to in the previous article, has, in accordance with the use, indicated or announced that quality in its use.

Art. 14 It is the copyright holder who adapts, translates, arranges or orchestrates a work that has fallen into the public domain, and cannot oppose another adaptation, arrangement, orchestration or translation, unless it is a copy of his.

Art. 15 The co-authorship of the work is attributed to those in whose name, pseudonym or conventional sign is used.

§ 1º It is not considered co-author who simply assisted the author in the production of the literary, artistic or scientific work, reviewing it, updating it, as well as supervising or directing its edition or presentation by any means.

§ 2 - The co-author, whose contribution can be used separately, is guaranteed all the faculties inherent to its creation as an individual work, however, the use that may cause prejudice to the exploration of the common work is prohibited.

Art. 16 The author of the literary, musical or literary-musical subject or argument and the director are co-authors of the audiovisual work.

Single paragraph. Animated co-authors are those who create the drawings used in the audiovisual work.

Art. 17 The protection of individual participations in collective works is ensured.

§ 1 Any of the participants, in the exercise of their moral rights, may prohibit the indication or announcement of their name in the collective work, without prejudice to the right to have the contracted remuneration.

§ 2 The organizer has ownership rights over the collective work as a whole.

§ 3 The contract with the organizer will specify the participant's contribution, the deadline for delivery or performance, remuneration and other conditions for its execution


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